BAU – business as usual

CPCB – India’s Central Pollution Control Board

CSD – The United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development

DLG – development-led globalization

EKC – Environmental Kuznets Curve

ERZ – early reform zones

FDI – foreign direct investment

GATS – The General Agreement on Trade in Services

GDP – gross domestic product

GNI – gross national income

HDI – human development index

IFI – international financial institutions

ILO – International Labor Organization

IMF – International Monetary Fund

LDC – less developed countries

MNC – multinational corporations

MoEF – India’s Ministry of Environment and Forests

OECD – Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

PPP – public private partnership

PTA – preferential trade agreements

QOL – quality of life

ROI – return on investment

SAP – structural adjustment policy

SEZ – special economic zones

SOE – state owned enterprise

UNCTAD – United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

UNCED – United Nations Conference on Environment and Development

WCED – World Commission on Environment and Development

WTO – World Trade Organization