The Barclays Center, which opened in September of 2012, is a sporting arena that was largely paid for through public subsidies, used eminent domain to create space to build, and was said to have potentially negative environmental impacts. The public backlash was strong and greatly delayed the construction from its proposition in 2004 to its start in March of 2010. The Barclays Center has redefined the area, which is located at the junction of five Brooklyn neighborhoods—Park Slope, Boerum Hill, Downtown Brooklyn, Prospect Heights, and Fort Greene. This location makes finding demographic information about the area relatively hard, but it is easier if the neighborhoods are broken down into zip codes—11215, 11217, 11201, 11238, 11205.
|Neighborhood(s)||Downtown Brooklyn; Boerum Hill||Fort Greene||Parkslope||Parkslope; Boerum Hill||Prospect Heights|
|Land area (sq.mi)||1.4||0.9||2.2||0.8||1.1|
|Median Resident Age||35.2||29.3||34.5||34.9||34.5|
|Renting Pop. (%)||62||78||62||71||71|
|Education Level (%)|
|High school or higher||92||80||92||87||90|
|Bachelor’s degree or higher||70||40||69||62||56|
|Hispanic or Latino||12||20||16||19||11|
The entirety of the five zip codes is home to 240,125 people. The racial breakdown is 58.7% white, 23.8% black, and 16.3% Latino or Hispanic. Park Slope (11215 and 11217), Downtown Brooklyn (11201), and Boerum Hill (11201 and 11217) have the highest percentages of white residents, while Prospect Heights (11238) and Fort Greene (11205) have the most equitable black and white population ratios.
Most of these neighborhoods, other than the notoriously diverse Fort Greene, have experienced a large amount of racial tension. The area experienced white-flight in the 1950s and became mostly Italian and Irish, but by the 70s it was mostly black and Latino. Then, in the 80s and 90s brownstones became popular and there was a dramatic influx of upper-middle class people that couldn’t quite afford Manhattan. So today, the area has become quite gentrified, leaving minorities with the lowest-paying jobs and the worst housing.