Science Forward Fall 2017

Dr. Edyta Greer, Macaulay Honors College, Fall 2017

Author: Jackson You

Blog Entry 3

As a student coming from a science focused high school, I thought this semester’s seminar class would be relatively similar to the science courses offered there. My expectations were to learn about specific scientific discoveries, experiments, and thinking that impacted New York City. I expected to learn about a lot of scientific theory and discoveries from a textbook, but it was much more than that. This Macaulay seminar was extremely hands-on which I really appreciated. My favorite part was learning how to use a 3D printer. With today’s constant evolving technology, learning how to do 3D design and actually doing it was extremely educational for me. I also loved the biodiversity research project. It was amazing to see an entire school come together to collect data that we would all use to present. Science is also ten times more interesting and engaging when your hands get dirty to actually make, test, or discover things and that is exactly what we did. It was difficult, however, trying to find trend in the data to talk about. Though it was challenging, it was also extremely ambiguous which I really appreciated. I also really appreciated the mini lab demonstrations by Dr. Greer to show how magical science can be!

Blog Entry 2

Lab reports are something I’m pretty familiar with. Coming from a high school specialized in science, we were required to write a lab report every single week for our weekly labs. Though the labs ranged vastly throughout the 4 years, there was always something to take away from each. Even though most of the labs had an expected result, it was still very interesting to physically make these results happen in a lab setting. We can always read about a subject through books or textbooks, but information tends to last longer when learning is more hands on. A 2009 study conducted by researchers at Purdue University found that middle school students who were taught about human impact on water quality through a hands-on learning method showed high comprehensions of the concept as opposed to only learning through textbook and lecture method.

I believe this is not only something that can be implemented in a science course. For example, it is possible to go on a field trip to a history museum for a history course. In particular, I remember a specific class that focused on the founding of the United States which took a more hands-on approach. Half of the class were designated as “nationalists” while the other half were designated as “patriots” and we had a class debate with each side arguing for their ideas and opinions. This was a very effective way of learning the topic because each student was extremely engaged in the debate and it made the topic a fun one.

Toothbrush Presentation

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Annotated Bibliography-Braces Toothbrush

  1. Popular Source


“Best Electric Toothbrush for Braces.” Accessed October 22nd, 2017


Launched in 2015, has been founded on the principle of giving genuine, honest feedback on products that exist within the dental and oral health industry, along with news and other useful guides as to how anyone can improve their oral hygiene or be served better by products that exist on the market.They are not dentist or medical professionals, just individuals who want to give readers the information and answers to questions they may not have found elsewhere. In the article itself, it talks about the best electric toothbrushes for braces, as well as the best manual brush and best battery brush. They talk about the research they’ve done and tries to inform the reader on which they should choose. I believe we can use this article to help us get a better understanding on what types of toothbrushes are more suitable for people with braces and why. This can help us with developing our 3D model of one.

  1. Peer Review


Re, D, Augusti, G, Battaglia, D, Gianni, AB, and Augusti, D. “Is a New Sonic Toothbrush More Effective in Plaque Removal than a Manual Toothbrush?” European Journal Of Paediatric Dentistry 16.1 (2015): 13-18. Web.


The European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry is the official publication of the Italian Society of Paediatric Dentistry. Their aim is to promote research in all aspects of dentistry related to children, including interceptive orthodontics and studies on children and young adults with special needs, The journal focuses on clinical and basic science research and all papers are reviewed by at least two international reviewers who are known to have an interest or expertise in the field covered by the paper. This paper does research on whether electronic toothbrushes are more effective than manual toothbrushes. Reading this article can help our group determine which route to go when designing our toothbrush using the 3D printer, manual or electronic?


  1. Peer Review


Hansen, PA, K. Masterson, and W. Killoy. “Effect on Orthodontic Brackets by Brushing with an Electric Toothbrush.” Journal Of Dental Research 76 (1997): 1087. Web.


The Journal of Dental Research is a peer-reviewed scientific journal dedicated to research and information of all sciences relevant to dentistry and to the oral cavity and associated structures in health and disease. This article teaches us about the effects of braces by brushing with an electric toothbrush.


Colchicum autumnale


Colchicum autumnale, commonly called autumn crocus or meadow saffron, is a cormous perennial that typically blooms in early fall. Its place of origin is Europe. The species can occur in high population densities, for example, in semi-natural grasslands in Austria and Germany where, as it is toxic to livestock, control measures may even be attempted. There have been some declines mainly as a result of agricultural intensification, for example in Ukraine. However, in its core distribution area, such as in parts of Germany and Austria, populations have increased recently.

Poster Presentation Idea

During my sophomore year in high school, I was infected with Acanthamoeba keratitis.  Acanthamoeba keratitis is an infection caused by a microscopic, free-living ameba (single-celled living organism) called Acanthamoeba.  Acanthamoeba causes Acanthamoeba keratitis when it infects the transparent outer covering of the eye called the cornea. This infection came from my use of night contacts. I must not have cleaned it thoroughly, which lead to the Acanthamoeba virus entering my eye. Though I felt the care provided to treat my condition was done with the best care, there were some things that could definitely be improved. For example, I had to commute from the Bronx, where my high school was, to Manhattan, to obtain this specialty eye drops every three to four days. This is because there is nowhere else in the city that has them and it expires very rapidly. There is definitely a healthcare innovation that can improve this, though I’m not too sure about its specifics. Another healthcare innovation can target the cleansing of eye contacts in a very convenient and faster way. Perhaps some sort of machine that automatically cleans ur lens when you put them in?

Jackson You- Blog Entry 1

To be honest, I was a little bit confused about the article for a number of reasons that I’ll explain below:

First, I wanted to get some context to the article by doing a bit of research on the writer. Lawrence Galton. After putting his name into Google, I realized that the top links were all links to Amazon books written by him. However, I could not find a comprehensive biography of the author or anything else. He did write a number of books, including “You may not need a psychiatrist, How your body may control your mind”, “Medical Advances”, “Truth About Senility and how to Avoid it”, “Truth About Fibre in Your Food”, “1001 Health Tips”, etc. There is something to be said about someone who publishes a lot of books, but I find it odd that there isn’t any information about personal life or specific professional life on Galton in the form of a biography.

Another thing that came to my attention is how technical the article is. I’ve always known the New York Times as a paper that aims to appeal to the general audience, hence a simplified read, but the article written by Galton relied heavily on scientific jargon that I feel the general public would find hard to understand.  Perhaps this may be because of just how the New York Times has evolved throughout the years. This article was written in 1971, more than 40 years ago. Compared to the popular articles by New York Times article shared by classmates from the first assignment, this article is definitely a lot more heavy.

Another aspect of the article that stood out to me was the large drawing of the molecular structure by Walter Hortens. I agree with Robert that the drawing was not really necessary for understanding the article. The article really did not refer to the image to explain its points. However, it did lead me to think about the various reasons for the author to include it. Perhaps it gives the audience a sense of credibility towards the author?

Overall, I thought the article was interesting. There were just multiple parts throughout where I scratched my head.


Relationship Problems? Try Getting More Sleep

Popular Article:

Relationship Problems? Try Getting More Sleep

Parker-Pope, Tara. 2017. “Relationship Problems? Try Getting More Sleep” New York Times. (September 4)

Primary Source:

The Role of Sleep in Interpersonal Conflict

Gordon, Amie M., and Serena Chen. 2013. “The Role of Sleep in Interpersonal Conflict.” Social Psychological and Personality Science, 5, no. 2  (September): 168-175 DOI:


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