Sample patent for a healthcare innovation:
Here is some information about patents, from a how-to guide called Patent It Yourself
Chapter 6, part 1
Guidelines for poster setup
Please do not circulate or share this presentation.
Last year’s posters from our class
In PowerPoint, choose Slide Master by going to View>Master>Slide Master
Right click on the screen and select Guides>Add Vertical/Horizontal Guide. This will add an orange guideline that will be “locked” on the screen while you’re designing in regular view. This means you can’t move the guideline around accidentally.
You can also add movable guidelines in regular view by going through the same right-click procedure and adding vertical or horizontal lines.
Use guidelines to standardize spaces between content boxes, to align columns, or to standardize border margins.
This tutorial is geared to the PMMOP assignment, but you can apply these research methods to the Hot Topic project as well as any research project. We will use the psychoactive plant Tabernanthe iboga, and the drug derived from it, Ibogaine, as examples throughout.
Start with the Baruch College Library website: http://www.baruch.cuny.edu/library/.
To begin, you have to “Define Your Search” by choosing which types of resources you will search. One useful resource is called “OneSearch,” which searches Baruch’s physical library as well as web resources.
OneSearch is a powerful search tool, but it has limitations. As this helpful site points out, OneSearch is great if you are just starting out on your research. However, it does not cover everything that you have access to as a researcher. After you’ve done some initial research, it is essential to go directly to the databases to search them.
Start with browsing by subject. Under science and technology, choose some of the databases from the relevant fields: biology, chemistry, and health.
Some tips on searching and Boolean operators:
In addition to the science searches, you should also consider general search databases such as Academic Search Complete or MasterFILE. These are listed alphabetically under “Databases.”
ALWAYS ask yourself the following questions when looking up research:
An abstract can help you determine if the article you’ve found is worth reading. A good abstract should provide:
Try typing your organism species name into the search field in an academic search engine like MEDLINE or Academic Search Complete.
Read through some abstracts and determine if an article is worth keeping. Download the article and note its provenance. Use a note-taking program like Evernote, or keep a running Word document going, to keep track of bibliographic information. It can be very easy to take notes from an article and forget to attribute the source, which can lead to plagiarism.
Google has a scholarly search engine called Google Scholar, which can be another powerful and useful research tool. Access Google Scholar through the Baruch databases list so that you will have access to full-text articles, then type your organism name into the search field. You can also select the triangle at the end of the search field for an advanced search.
Google scholar has some very helpful tools. One is “Cited by…” Google will tell you how many other articles it has found that have cited this article.
Click on this link, and then you can search within those results by checking the box marked “Search within citing articles.” This will narrow the results.
Clicking on the article title might take you to a paywall. You can avoid this by clicking the bracketed link on the right, which might provide you with a PDF or a website where the article has been copied. If you can access the article through Baruch, there will be a link for that too.
“Related articles” is another very useful tool in Google Scholar.
When searching for popular articles, always remember the “Important considerations” from above:
In addition, you should do the following for websites:
In addition to google, OneSearch is a great way to find these kinds of articles. Once you have results, filter by “Newspaper Articles.” You can also search by “Journal Title” and see a list of all journal titles.
One final place to look for good articles in popular journals is using the News databases through Baruch’s website. Go back to “Databases,” then browse by subject and select “News.”
From here, you have a range of useful databases. Two that you should absolutely use are “Popular Magazines” and “LexisNexis Academic,” which is for newspapers. When searching in popular journals, you might have better luck using the common name for the plant/drug.
Wikipedia and Google
Wikipedia and Google (regular) can be useful search engines too, but you need to be extra careful when vetting sources. You no longer have an academic filter for your search, it’s just you vs. the internet!
But, you cannot cite a wikipedia page! You can cite sources that you found through a wikipedia page, but the page itself is not a valid scholarly source.
On a wiki page, first scan the page and see if it looks like considerable work has been put into the page. View the history of edits in the upper right to see how many people have worked on it, and scan their comments for evidence of scholarly rigor.
Next, go back to the main page and look through the references at the bottom. This can give you decent information of where the authors may have gotten their information. Determine if these seem legitimate by clicking through.