3. Medicinal Plants used in Ayurveda

Ginger (Zingiber officinalis)


–      Rhizome is used as a stimulant, carminative (relieving flatulence)

–      Used in dyspepsia (indigestion) and flatulent colic (severe abdominal pain caused by spasms in any of the hollow viscera).

–      Taking 5ml of ginger juice with 1/4th of honey every morning and evening helps in cough, bronchial asthma, sinusitis and fever due to kapha dosha.

–      For increasing the digestive power, should be taken in equal amount.

–      Boil 100ml each lemon, mint and ginger juice in double amount until it becomes thick like paint. This helps in increasing the digestive fire.

–      Taking ginger regularly with honey helps in swelling, anorexia, digestive disorders, coughing, bronchial asthma, fever etc.


Pomegranate (Punica granatum)


–      Bark of roots and stem are astringent, specifically good for tapeworms.

–      Bark is used in the treatment of diarrhea and dysentery.

–      Oiling of mustard oil triturated with leaf juice and leaf paste on hairs helps in hair fall.

–      Its bark paste is applied on forehead in headache

–      Its fruit bark with half amount of black pepper (piper nigrum) and salt when mixed can be used as toothpaste strengthens the teeth.

–      Luke warm decoction of 25gm of fresh pomegranate leaves is useful in mouth ulcers.


Gooseberry (Phyllanthus emblica)


–      Fruits are cooling, diuretic, rejuvenating and can be used as a laxative.

–      Useful in hemorrhages and in anemia.

–      Good source of Vitamin C.

–      Good for eyes, skin.


Malabar nut (Justicia adhatoda)


–      Used in bronchitis and cough as an expectorant to facilitate the sputum to come out

–      It is useful in case of epistaxis, bleeding piles, menorrhagia and in blood impurities.


Aloe Vera


–      Good for the liver and spleen.

–      Good for fevers, skin diseases, burns, amenorrhea (an abnormal absence of menstruation).and constipations.

–      It is anthelmintic (used to destroy parasitic worms), carminative (relieving flatulence), diuretic (causing increased passing of urine).


Garlic (Allium sativum)


–      It is a carminative (relieving flatulence), expectorant, anti rheumatic, aphrodisiac

–      For lower high cholesterol level, soak 2 fresh cloves in water and take every morning.


Castor (Ricinus communis)


–      Very good for rheumatoid arthritis and other joint issues.

–      Compress made of castor seeds can be applied to rheumatic swellings.

–      It is also good as a laxative.


Asparagus (Asparagus racemosus)


–      It is good for hyperacidity, uterine contraction and muscle spasms.

–      It is good as an antispasmodic, diuretic, aphrodisiac and tonic.


Fire flame bush (Woodfordia fructicosa)


–      Used in diarrhea, dysentery and in bleeding wounds.


Ashok (Saraca asoca)


–      Used as a uterine tonic, in heavy menses and in leucorrhea.

–      Leaf juice mixed with cumin seeds are used for stomach problems.


Liquorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra)


–      It’s good for sore throats, cough and in heart burn.

–      It can be used as an expectorant.

–      It can cause vomiting.


Long pepper (Piper longum)


–      Roots are carminative (gas passing) and can improve appetite.

–      It’s good for bronchitis, abdominal pain, hoarseness and stomachache.

–      Topical application of it soothes and relieves muscular pains and inflammation.


Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia)


–      It is a rejuvenating herb.

–      It’s good for fever liver diseases, general debility and as an immunity booster in AIDS, cancer etc.

–      Its decoction is used in the treatment of gout.

–      The juice of stem is used in diabetes, vaginal discharges and for enlarged spleen.


Celery (Carum roxburghianum)


–      Leaves are stomachic and digestive.

–      It is, as a whole, spasmolytic (Muscle relaxant stomach) and a good cardio tonic.


Wild Indigo (Tephrosia purpurea)


–      It is a good blood purifier and for liver diseases.

–      Its roots are diuretic, and the plant as a whole is anthelmintic (help with worms) and antipyretic (helps with fever).


Three-leaved caper (Crataeva nurvula)


–      It is good as a blood purifier and for urinary diseases.


Country mallow (Sida cordifolia)


–      Roots are stomachic, diuretic and act as an aphrodisiac.

–      Seeds are very good for rheumatism and the plant as a whole is an immune booster.

All of these notes and pictures were provided to me by the Ayurveda Health Home of Kathmandu, Nepal.

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