Technology Archive

29

External Hard Drives for Video Editing 101

As a double major in Film Production and TV/Radio, I constantly witness peers questioning the concept of video editing off of external hard drives. Most post-production courses that I’ve taken don’t focus all that much time on this aspect of the digital filmmaking process, which I hope to remedy with this blog post. Since I’m a double-certified computer technician and an aspiring video professional who already records and edits corporate video content and narrative films through external drives, I believe that I’m a very useful first-hand source for all of the basics. Friends, colleagues and co-workers who’ve ever questioned the subject: this is for you.

If you don’t care about the specifics and just want to know which drive I recommend for PC and Mac platforms: the LaCie Rugged 500GB External Hard Drive (1x USB 3.0, 2x Firewire 800, 7200RPM) is the absolute best portable external video editing hard drive that money can buy.

If you don’t care about specifics AND want to spend as little money as possible, go for the G-Drive Mini 320GB Portable for Mac or the Western Digital My Passport 500GB External for the PC.

*I highly recommend you check the connections on your computer before purchasing to ensure that your drive will actually connect! Take the time to read below if you have no idea what I mean.*

THE 3 ASPECTS THAT MATTER:

1) Drive Speeds and Types:

There are two main types of external hard drives that people use today: Hard Disk Drives (HDDs) and Solid State Drives (SSDs). Simply put, HDDs are made up of platters (silverish circular discs) that store information on them. In order to read from or write to an HDD, an arm inside the drive has to move back and forth and make contact with different parts of the spinning disc. Because they have these moving parts, HDDs are more prone to break and slower when compared to SSD counterparts.

Still talking about HDDs, these types of drives come in two speeds: 5400RPM (rotations per minute) and 7200RPM. Typically 5400RPM is for reading and writing data–this is the kind of drive that someone who just wants to back up files would get. When you start getting into video editing, the platters need to be spinning as fast as the possibly can to access different parts of the HD video, audio, pictures and other medial files you’ll no doubt be editing with.

The last thing to know about HDDs is that they’re inexpensive. Since most only last a few years before experiencing technical issues, people buy these with the knowledge that they’re only temporary. Plus new drives come out all the time. So to summarize: HDDs have moving parts, break easier than other drive types, can spin at 5400 or 7200RPM, and are cheap.

HDD on the left, SSD on the right. Even a quick glance and you’ll see the difference.

 

SSDs are fairly new in the world of computing. These drive types have no moving parts–they instead access memory from NAND Flash Memory, which is what smartphones use. Without going into technical details, the main things to know about these drives is that they’re much faster since there are no moving parts and no discs to be spun and accessed, and they’re physically smaller than HDDs.

The only two cons to SSDs are that they’re only available in smaller sizes (512GB seems to be the limit nowadays) and they’re very expensive. Whereas you would generally spend $0.15 per GB in HDDs, you spend $0.90 per GB in SSDs.

2) Connections and Ports:

There are a lot of different connections out there nowadays, but there are two main ones that almost all video editors use: Firewire 800 and USB 3.0. Both of these connections transfer enough data per second to be used as efficient external editing drives.

In short, USB 2.0 is what everyone commonly refers to as “USB” (which stands for Universal Serial Bus, just for your information). This connection type allows for data transfer rates up to 480 megabits per second (not to be confuse with megaBYTES). Most flash drives are USB 2.0, because this connection is not only perfect for general file transfer, but it’s the most common connection type around.

Firewire 800 is the next level up, allow for transfer speeds of 800mbps (hence the name). A Firewire 400 connection exists that transfer at 400mbps, but it’s rarely used anymore. USB 3.0 was introduced in 2008 as the new ultra fast alternative to file transferring, clocking speeds of 5 gigabits per second, or 10 times faster than USB 2.0. That fact alone should help you understand why USB 3.0 is great for video editing: it’s really, really fast–faster than most would ever need.

There’s another port called Thunderbolt made by Intel for Macs, but it’s really not an interface you should consider for purchase. Why? Thunderbolt does boast a 10gbps transfer rate, but you’ll never need that much speed, guaranteed. It’s also used exclusively on Mac in terms of coming stock with the computer (PC users add on Thunderbolt ports after manufacturer purchase). Plus it’s expensive and limits you to connecting it to Mac products made after 2011 (which came with this port), or any high end video editing computers you may have access to. Unless the drive you’re looking at has other connection types, I wouldn’t recommend Thunderbolt.

A quick reference picture showing how long it takes to copy one HD video file to an external drive over four different connections. The less time it takes, the faster it is, and the more useful it is for video editing.

 

Now although a drive may have a Firewire 800 or USB 3.0 connection, that doesn’t mean that your computer will be able to connect. You need to look at your computer and make sure that you have a port to plug the device into. Firewire 800 ports look like rectangles and USB 3.0 ports are usually coated blue and have a small “SS” mark next to them, standing for SuperSpeed. The graphic below shows you what to look for.

USB 3.0 ports are blue and have “SS” marked next to them.

Firewire 800 ports are square in shape and have a three-pronged mark next to them. USB 2.0 ports don’t say “SS” and are generally black, and Thunderbolt ports appropriately enough have thunderbolts next to them.

 

3) Formatting and Partitioning:

Lastly, after you purchase a drive, you need to format it and/or partition it. This is the most complicated aspect of external drives, and also the most complex to explain. To keep it simple:

External hard drives generally come in two main file formats (meaning the way the drive is formatted–this formatting is intangible coding and affects the way computers recognize the drive when plugged in): NTFS for Windows and Mac OS Extended for Mac. NTFS can be read by both PCs and Macs, but Macs are not able to write any files to it. Mac OS Extended can only be read by Macs. Why is each format useful/important: because if you know you’re going to be working solely on a PC or Mac, you want the format to reflect that. It’s important for an external drive’s format to match that of the internal drive’s format on any given computer, PC or Mac, if you want it to function properly.

Regardless, there are ways for PCs to read Mac-formatted drives and vice versa. Programs like NTFS-3G and HFS Explorer can be purchased and downloaded on PCs and Macs, respectively, to access files from drives with counterpart formats.

An alternative to paying for programs like this and having an external drive that can be read from and written to cross platform is drive partitioning. In its most basic definition, partition involves taking two pieces of a drive and formatting them differently (for example, if you have a 500GB HDD, 250GB would be made to work with Windows and the other half with Mac). The main pro is that you now technically have two hard drives, however the big con is that portioning a drive generally slows its overall performance (and you’d never want to copy files from one drive’s partition to its other partition–think about it and you’d realize this means the arms accessing two parts of a HDD platter at the same time).

Another more common way to have a drive that can be read by and written to Macs AND PCs is to use the FAT 32 Format System. This is what I format a majority of my drives in because of the fact that it can be read across PCs and Macs without any major short-term performance issues. Just like everything else, it has a big downside: file sizes can only be 4GB large. This can sometimes be tricky depending on what kind of files your camera records (if you’re editing with HD video files), but there are ways around it.

If I did a poor job explaining this third section or you still don’t fully understand formatting, have a look at this blog post on CNet. They summarized things pretty well.

In Conclusion…

You have to ask yourself a lot of questions before purchasing a drive. Are you a Mac or PC person, or do you work across both platforms? Do you want to spend extra money for a faster SSD, or save money on a cheaper but larger HDD? Does your computer support any connection type fast than USB 2.0, or do you need to edit on a different computer? And on that different computer (whether it be at school, the library, etc.), is there USB 3.0 or Firewire 800?

All of these things should lead you to a clear choice about which drive is best for you. As I said before, the LaCie 500GB External USB 3.0 and Firewire 800 is my personal favorite and the drive I most recommend. It’s highly durable, extremely fast, easy to format and maintain, and relatively inexpensive.

This post is dedicated to my Single Camera Production Spring 2014 class and Professor Patkanian. Hello everyone! Hope this helped.

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Super Simple and Dirt Cheap – Upgrade Your MacBook Pro RAM Today

If you’re in the Class of 2015 at Macaulay Honors College or you purchased a MacBook Pro in the early part of 2011, then this blog post is for you! If not, then you’re either a PC user (don’t worry, PC content will be along directly) or you have a different model MacBook Pro (or none at all). Regardless of which category you fall into, please read on for cool computer tech awesomeness.

I’m half student filmmaker and half professional videographer. I’m always working on video content for friends at college or putting some short film together for one of my professors. And when I’m not doing that, I’m shooting and editing promotional business videos. Either way, I’m using my MacBook Pro and PC desktop a lot.

The PC desktop is another story–that was a custom build and works flawlessly through any video editing task. I took real care into custom-tailoring each piece of the computer to make it run Avid Media Composer ultra fast. Thankfully, I succeeded on that end.

As for the MacBook Pro, my non-linear editor of choice there is Final Cut Pro. When I first got the laptop, it ran lighting fast. As time went on and I installed new programs, everything slowed down. Eventually, I found it impossible to run anything alongside Final Cut, let alone Final Cut itself.

About This Mac, pre-RAM upgrade.

About This Mac, pre-RAM upgrade.

 

In order to combat the issue, I’ve upgraded my MacBook Pro’s RAM from its original stock 4GB of DDR3 1333MHz RAM to 8GB of the same type and speed. Doing so has doubled my performance speeds and allows me to use Final Cut to its fullest potential again, without any ‘spinning beach balls of death.’

About This Mac, post-RAM upgrade.

About This Mac, post-RAM upgrade.

 

The process of upgrading your MacBook Pro’s RAM is actually extremely easy. That being said, I still wouldn’t recommend it if you haven’t worked on the inside of computers before. I hold two technician certifications, so I was well prepared for what I saw, but if you go in there blind, it might be a little tricky. Either way, it’s not a daunting task. I was going to put together a step-by-step walkthrough, but I honestly think the video below is the best out there.

 

As for what kind of RAM you choose, that’s up to you. Technically speaking, the Early 2011 MacBook Pro has an 8GB RAM imit, or so Apple says. Many people have installed 16GB of RAM in the Early 2011 models and haven’t had any problems, but others said the high amount of RAM caused their laptop to overheat (this all has to do with how much a computer’s processor can handle). All of this being said, I think you’d find that 8GB of RAM is more than enough for any task, whether it be video editing or more Facebook surfing. The RAM I purchased can be found via this link.

0

Increasing Mac Productivity: Hot Corners

If you’re interested in Mac tips and tricks, follow this productivity series at http://eportfolios.macaulay.cuny.edu/utopiaofdaniel/category/technology-and-gaming/mac-productivity-tips/.

Your screen is a very powerful thing. On a Mac, incorporating “Hot Corners” into the screen makes it an even more powerful tool, providing immediate shortcuts to various parts of the computer. All you have to do is drag your mouse to any of the four corners of your screen, and different things will happen. Sounds interesting? Let’s do it.

To access Hot Corners settings, first open your System Preferences panel. Select “Desktop and Screen Saver,” and then make sure you’re on the “Screen Saver” tab. At the bottom left-hand corner of the window, you should see a little button that reads “Hot Corners…” After clicking on that, a drop down menu should appear.

In this drop down menu, there’s four sub-drop down menus where you can select what each corner of the screen does. For my work flow, I’ve set the upper right-hand corner to open up the Launchpad and the upper left-hand corner to put the computer to sleep. Depending on where your Dock is or where you generally move your mouse, you might find yourself accidentally activating a Hot Corner. So it’s important to set each corner based on how frequently you move your cursor in that area of the screen.

My personal Hot Corners settings. You can access this menu via "System Preferences," "Desktop and Screen Saver," and "Hot Corners..." under the Screen Saver tab.

My personal Hot Corners settings. You can access this menu via “System Preferences,” “Desktop and Screen Saver,” and “Hot Corners…” under the Screen Saver tab.

 

Each corner can be set to access anything from enabling and disabling the screen saver to accessing the desktop or launchpad menus. If you’re feeling really ambitious, you can even set your Mac to “Lock” by setting one of the four corners to put the computer to sleep, and then going into the “Security and Privacy” section of System Preferences and opting to require a password after waking your computer from sleep.

In "Security and Privacy," you can make your make require your password upon waking up, in effect creating a user lock on your Mac whenever you put it to sleep.

In “Security and Privacy,” you can make your make require your password upon waking up, in effect creating a user lock on your Mac whenever you put it to sleep.

 

If you like what you’ve seen here, don’t be afraid to comment and voice your opinion! I love feedback. Be sure to stay tuned to The Utopia of Daniel for more Mac Productivity Tips in the future.

4

Increasing Mac Productivity: Genie VS Scale Minimization

This is the first post in a series I intend to continue on increasing productivity on Macintosh desktops and laptops. Follow this productivity series at http://eportfolios.macaulay.cuny.edu/utopiaofdaniel/category/technology-and-gaming/mac-productivity-tips/.

Nowadays, speed is everything. People don’t like waiting for things–it’s all about instant gratification now. For some (myself included), this is especially important when working on computers. Now although I personally prefer waiting for things in general and enjoying life one step at a time, I do believe that speed on a computer is key. One little way to increase your productivity on a Mac desktop/ MacBook is the Scale effect.

If your open up System Preferences and select “Dock,” you’re going to see a small bunch of customizable features pop up on your screen. Aboult 3/4 down the list, you should see the text “Minimize windows using.” Right next to that is a drop down box with two choices: Genie effect and Scale effect. The Genie effect is what all Macs do by default. Whenever you minimize a window, the window gets skinny at the bottom and gets ‘sucked into’ the dock. This is the Genie minimization effect. It’s pretty cool and gives you another reason to be proud to own a Mac, but it actually slows you down quite a bit. Before your can move onto the next program you want to use, you have to wait approximately two full seconds for the previous window to minimize.

The “Dock” section of a Mac’s System Preferences panel.

 

Two full seconds might seem like nothing to you right now, but switch to the Scale minimize effect and you’ll see an immediate difference. Windows now fly down into the dock in less than a second, a massive improvement in time over the Genie effect. Again, these seconds may not seem like much now, but after trying this for a few hours you’ll wish you made the change sooner. All the Scale effect is doing is getting rid of the “Genie animation” and just minimizing windows like on a Windows computer (no pun intended). It’s a cool little thing to try out and a great way to get started on a faster workplace/computer environment.

1

How to Get Front Row Back in OS X Lion

If you’re like me and you have a lot of videos on your MacBook (or just regular Mac), then you like having ways to easily play them. Apple designed a program specifically for this purpose called “Front Row.” If you’ve never heard of it, maybe you’ve heard of some of it’s alternatives like Windows Media Direct. All it is is a fullscreen platform that allows you to play videos, music, and podcasts and look through pictures all in one place.

Now for some reason, Apple decided to remove this application from the more recent Mac OSs like Lion. Luckily for us, the good folks at Mac-Hatter Consulting designed a piece of software that copies over certain files from one of the older versions of Mac OS and “unlocks” the Front Row application in OS X. All you need to do is visit THIS LINK, scroll down, and download the file entitled “FrontRowEnablerForLion.pkg.” The program will take care of the rest, but please note that a full restart will be required for the changes to take effect.

The basic layout for Apple’s Front Row application. Just think of it as a central hub for all things media-related on your Mac.

 

This is a really easy fix/process and a great way to get back a great Apple application. Hopefully, Apple will bring this app back permanently in future OSs and not force users to download “enabler packages” like this one.

Now go watch some movies. Or listen to some music. Your call! =u)

1

Caffeine: the most helpful tool a college student can download

Now this right here is a REALLY cool app for your Mac. If you’re a super busy person, like me, and you like saving laptop battery life (or screen life in the case of a desktop), then this is the app for you.

Caffeine places a small coffee cup icon on the upper-right tool bar of your screen. When the cup is empty, that means that the app is turned off. But with the click of a mouse, the cup fills with coffee, and now your screen will not dim or go into a screensaver!

If you have your screen set to save battery life and automatically dim itself, this is very helpful. Now, when you’re working on some big assignment or project that requires you to stop moving the mouse or using the keyboard and read an article or document, you can keep your screen from dimming. I especially use this when I’m editing a film in iMovie or swatting between programs like Safari and Microsoft Word.

Check it out here.

What a terrific app. Super helpful and easy to use.

 

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Miss your old point-and-click PC games? Play ’em on your Mac with ScummVM!

When I was much younger, my dad always bought me all sorts of really fun point-and-click adventure games. Most of them were made by a company called Humongous Entertainment. Some of their most famous series were Putt Putt, Pajama Sam, Freddi Fish, and my personal favorite, Spy Fox. I still have all of my old CD-ROMs, but the only problem is that they don’t play on my MacBook with OS X Lion. The “Classic Environment” (which allowed users to run old Mac applications and software) is no longer supported on new Apple products, however after months of searching, I’ve finally found a program that will allow you to play your old adventure games on modern day Macs. It’s called ScummVM.

Now I know what you’re thinking. “That’s a dirty name for an application!” But no, Scumm actually stands for Script Creation Utility for Maniac Mansion, a scripting language originally developed by LucasArts for creating graphics adventures (The Secret of Monkey Island is a prime example). The VM means Virtual Machine, and this free app basically converts the data files from these old games into modern day Mac-compatible files, allowing you to play them when you want.

The only catch is that you need the files. If you have the CDs, you’re set, but if you don’t, you’ll have to find the files for the games you want some other way. I’m not a fan of torrenting files in any way, nor do I wish to promote it (mainly because it’s often times dangerous for your computer and illegal), but I know their are many people out there who would just try to find the files that way. However you obtain the files, you have to copy certain ones onto your computer. There’s a full list of compatible games and the corresponding files need to play each game available here.

Although Humongous Entertainment was purchased by Atari, you can still play all your old HE games thanks to ScummVM!

After downloading the program from the home site, all you have to do is go to “Add Game” and then select the folder where you put the game’s files. ScummVM takes care of the rest, and in no time you’ll be having flashbacks to a simpler time when your biggest concern was stopping The Poodle Menace from destroying the ozone layer with her hair spray (Spy Fox 3: Operation Ozone reference).

One other really cool thing about ScummVM is that it saves the games you’ve imported into the program on a list, so you don’t have to keep searching for data files whenever you want to boot up a game. This is a great resource to have if you’re looking to play your old games, and it’s also a great way to get rid of your old CD-ROMs (just copy the files and toss the disk)!

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November 15: A day which will live in gaming infamy

November 15, 2011. A day which will live in video gaming infamy.

Why, you ask? Because a total of six major games released on this day! If you’re a fan of these series, than odds are you spent all the gaming money you’ve been saving up for however many months.

Halo Combat Evolved: Anniversary Edition ($39.99), Jurassic Park: The Game ($39.99), Need for Speed: The Run ($59.99), Assassin’s Creed Revelations: Signature Edition ($59.99), Saints Row The Third ($59.99) and Ultimate Marvel Vs. Capcom 3 ($39.99).

WOW. Just wow.

Altogether, that comes to around $324.96. Of course, I’m assuming that you loved all of these games and just HAD to buy them all on the day of their release. Hey, there ARE people out there like that. Believe me.

Video games are the best, even if they DO make us spend our life savings!