A piece primarily focused on summarizing the common results of two decades of research, the Cardinale paper concisely relays some of the effects that losing biodiversity have on the environment, leading to the reduction/great change accelerations of ecosystem functions and services. Having over 600 experiments conducted to support the validity of the claims, Cardinale lists (and also acknowledges some uncertainties within) six “consensus statements” and four “emerging trends” that effects our views of the significance of biodiversity. He made it simple to comprehend the six consensus statements in that each is summarized in one to two sentences as a paragraph of its own. Some of the effects mentioned that biodiversity have on ecosystems are that with the loss of biodiversity, the functions and services of an ecosystem will be reduced; with greater biodiversity, however, it could increase the stability of ecosystem communities. Understanding these more specific effects makes it easier to transition into the four emerging trends which explores the serious impact of losing biodiversity in the world and how difficult it would be to restore it.
It only seem natural then that economics and policy changes are put into context of environmental science or the field of biology in order to raise awareness of the serious consequences that losing biodiversity will have, especially when there’s a considerable large gap between science and policy making. The Cardinale review is layout in such a way that promotes the general public to understanding what the science community has been doing as an effort to bring attention to the greater issue at hand. There wasn’t a conclusion in which a specific method(s) is discussed about how to end the loss of biodiversity, but by spreading the word, Cardinale and the science community certainly hopes that one day, there will be one.