Please note that this is only a partial list of references, listed in alphabetical order [with the exception of the first two books, listed in chronological order]. The pages in question may not be the only ones used from their respective books, and some books may not have page numbers listed.


Blair, Clay. Hitler’s U-boat War: The Hunters, 1939-1942. New York: Random House, 1996. pp. 3-7. Print.

Blair, Clay. Hitler’s U-boat War: The Hunted, 1942-1945. New York: Random House, 1998. pp. 311-315. Print.

Blair, Clay. Silent Victory: The U.S. Submarine War against Japan. Annapolis: Naval Institute, 2001. Print.

Grant, R. G. Battle: A Visual Journey through 5,000 Years of Combat. New York: DK, 2005. pp. 14, 271, and 307. Print.

Grant, R. G. Battle at Sea: 3,000 Years of Naval Warfare. New York: DK, 2011. pp. 21, 154-155, 166, 216-217, 222, 238, and 250-251. Print.

Griffith, Samuel B. Sun Tzu: The Art of War. New York: Oxford, 1963. pp. 67 and 72. Print.

Shaw, Ian. The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2002. p. 245. Print.

[Clay Blair served in combat on the submarine U.S.S. Guardfish during the Cold War, and is considered one of the best historians on the submarine to date, with critical acclaim spanning everyone from retired admirals to war heroes. The second volume of Hitler’s U-boat War was published posthumously; he died just after completing the book, in 1998.

Samuel Griffith’s translation of The Art of War is unparalleled. His translation uses the original text interspersed with (separated) commentary, and if he changes the text, he explains where and why, and what the original version was. He was a prominent historian on Chinese warfare, and was a Brigadier General in the U.S. Marine Corps, so he brings actual battlefield experience into the discussion, a rarity among military historians who are usually confined to chairs.]


More to see:

Beach, Edward L. Run Silent, Run Deep. New York: Holt, 1955. Print.

Hanson, Victor Davis. The Wars of the Ancient Greeks. Ed. John Keegan. London: Cassell, 1999. Print.

Sontag, Sherry, Christopher Drew, and Annette Lawrence Drew. Blind Man’s Bluff: The Untold Story of American Submarine Espionage. New York: Public Affairs, 1998. Print.


This author also recommends viewing the websites of the major car manufacturers cited, including and, and running a search on the cars referenced in these articles. provides a good, historically accurate search engine on everything that you did or did not need to know about the U-boats of World War II, including types, propulsion systems, fates, etc. Also recommended is to view, the website of the U.S. Department of Energy.

Images are cross-checked for accuracy; their original sites are not listed here. All images, brand names, logos, and any associated data are under the copyright jurisdiction of their respective companies, and this author has no affiliation with any of the companies listed.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *