The following are four chapters, most not long, from a book I found later in the semester which speaks directly to the future of higher education. You do not have to do any reading questions for these, but please try to read at least some of them, if not all of them, by our next class, May 1. Margaret will also be coming to the next two classes to work with you on structuring and formatting your presentations. These chapters will be used for a final writing assignment that will stand in for a conventional final exam.
All these are chapters from a book entitled: Reinventing Higher Education: The Promise of Innovation, a 2011 book edited by B. Wildavsky, A.P. Kelly and K. Carey,
Introduction, including at the end a description of other chapters not being assigned. wkc intro
Chapter 1 on Barriers to Innovation in Higher Education, by D.J. Brewer and W.G. Tierney. wkc innovation
Chapter 8 on The Mayo Clinic of Higher Ed by K. Carey. wkc mayo
(this is the chapter about a very innovative approach to teaching science that I have alluded to from time to time this semester — will be interested in what you think)
Conclusion, B. Wildavsky, A.P. Kelly, and K. Carey wkc conclusion
I will be using these readings for the written piece I will be asking you to write in lieu of a final. More on that later.
These are the readings for April 24. I know that some of you will be on interviews or will have to leave early, but here are readings on the last major topic I wanted to cover for the semester, directly related to the question of the purpose of higher education, in particular views about the liberal arts vs. professional education. This is mostly material looking at the liberal arts side of that comparison.
These are again mostly short articles which I have bundled together.
1. Definition of the liberal arts. definition of lib arts
3. Critique of the liberal arts: critique of la
4. An essay from a book by a public intellectual about the consequence of the loss of the arts and humanities: nussbaum
Here are the readings for next week. I have a bunch of deadlines the next two weeks, so am not sending a detailed bioliography, but will do that later.
There are three specific items that are separate files and a few bundles with news articles from various sources.
1. Attewell, P. and Lavin, D. E (2012) The other 75%: College education beyond the elite, ch 4 in E..C. Langermann and H. Lewis, What is College for?: The Public Purpose of Higher Education. New York: Teacher’s College Press.. attewell lavin
2. Kim, Y.M. (2011) Minorities in higher education, 2011 Supplement. American Council on Education, , particularly the summary on pp 1-4 ace report
3. Lederman, D. (2013) Affirmative Action, Innovation and the Financial Future: A survey of presidents. Inside Higher Ed, March 1. (good for affirmative action/access issues but also as suggestions of what other college presidents are thinking, relevant to your interviews) lederman
4. Bundle 1: The case of Grutter vs. the University of Michigan grutter
5. Bundle 2: Post-Grutter developments: Accommodation and Alternatives post-grutter
6. Bundle 3: The newest cases: Fisher vs. U. Texas, a case on Michigan Proposition 2, now on the Supreme Court docket fisher & michigan
The topic of this session is the use and role of technology in the future of higher education. There are a few longer articles which are posted individually and a lot of shorter (1-3 page) articles from recent media sources. To make this easier, I have created bundles of these so they can be opened as a group.
Economist Intelligence Unit (2008) The Future of Higher Education: How technology will shape learning. economist
Shedd, J. M. (2003) The History of the Student Credit Hour ch 1 in New Directions for Higher Education #122. History of the credit hour (this one has all the pages)
Stokes, P. (2011) What online learning can teach us about higher education. Ch 7 In B. Wildavsky, A.P. Kelly and K. Carey, eds. Reinventing Higher Education: The Promise of Innovation. stokes
Times Bundle: ny times articles
Friedman, T. (2013) The Professor’s Big Stage, New York Times, 3/5/2013.
New York Times (2012) The trouble with online college. 2/18/13.
Eisenberg, A. (2013) Keeping an eye on on-line test takers. New York Times, 3/12/13.
Lewin, T. (2013) California bill seeks campus credit for on-line study. New York Times, 3/12/13.
Chronicle Bundle: chronicle bundle
Essig, L. (2013) It’s MOOAs, not MOOCs, that will transform higher education. The Chronicle of Higher Education. 3/28/2013.
Field, K. (2013) Student aid can be awarded for “competencies”, not just credit hours, U.S. Says. The Chronicle of Higher Education. 3/19/13.
Jenkins, R. (2013) A massively bad idea. The Chronicle of Higher Education. 3/18/2013.
Jenkins, R. (2013) Catfished. In The Chronicle of Higher Education, 4/2/2013.
Kirschner, A. (2012) A pioneer in on-line education tries a MOOC, The Chronicle of Higher Education, 10/1/12.
Kirschner, A. (2012) Innovation in higher education? Hah, The Chronicle of Higher Education, 4/13/2012.
Kolowich, S. (2013) SUNY signals major push toward MOOCs and other new educational methods. The Chronicle of Higher Education. 3/20/2013.
Kolowich, S. (2013) The professors behind the MOOC hype, The Chronicle of Higher Education,3/18/2013.
Chronicle of Higher Education (2013) All you need to know about MOOCs
Miscellaneous Bundle: misc
Crawley, A. Growth of on-line learning excerpted from ch. 1 in Supporting On-line Students in Tomorrow’s Professor Newsletter,
Cuban, L. (2013) “Irrational exuberance”: the case of MOOCs, http://larrycuban.wordpress.com/2013/01/26/irrational-exuberance-the-case-of-the-moocs/
Robbins, J. (2013) The ethics of MOOCs Inside Higher Ed, 3/25/2013.
Snyder, M.D. (2012) The State of the Profession, excerpt from Academe, Nov/Dec. issue.
These are the readings for next Wednesday (4/3/2013), on the Economics of Higher Education. Group 3 should post reading questions ahead of time and be prepared to lead the discussion. Others should do reading questions or reading reactions of their own, but they do not need to be as extensive as those done by the group with this week’s assignments. Thanks for the interview questions. I will review them before the next class.
It looks like a lot, but most of them are one to a few pagers from the media. You may want to start with the Johnstone one. I’ve also included some links to a bunch of articles and on-line graphics from the WSJ. I was able to get some of them directly, but the others (with the small fonts) I had to get through the BC Library. Not sure why some were available and some not. but anyway, here they are in alpha order:
- 1. Bowen, W. Universities suffering from near fatal “Cost Disease”, Posting from Tomorrow’s Professor, 2/18/2013 bowen
- 2. DiNapoli, T. P. (2010) The Economic Impact of Higher Education in New York State, report 7-2011, Office of the State Comptroller. dinapoli
- 3. Guskin, A.E. and Marcy, M.B. (2003) Dealing with the future now. Change, July/August. guskin & marcy
- 4. Jashik, S. (2013) Study casts doubt on idea that spending more per student leads to better educational outcomes. Inside Higher Education 1/25/2013. jascik
- 5. Johnstone, D.B. (2011) Financing higher education: Who should pay? Ch 12 in in P. G. Altbach, P. J. Gumport, and R. O. Berdahl, American Higher Education in the Twenty-First Century, 3rd Ed., Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press.
6. Kiley, K. (2013) Moody’s report calls into question all traditional university revenue sources. Inside Higher Ed, 1/17/13. moody
7. Kirp, D. L. (2005) This little student went to market, ch. 8 in Hersh, R. H. and Merrow, J. Declining by degrees: Higher Education at Risk. New York: Palgrave/Macmillan
8. Lexington, Higher Education: Is it really the next bubble? The Economist. 4/21/2011. lexington
- 9. WSJ interactive articles on the Costs of College (some also scanned but the website has good videos and interactive graphic demonstrations (could get some on-line directly but for others had to go through the College Library):
Colleges lose pricing power: http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424127887324442304578231922159602676.html
Selected articles at: http://online.wsj.com/public/page/cost-of-college.html
Who can still afford State U? tp://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424127887323501404578163290734542674.html#printMode
WSJ interactive data: http://graphics.wsj.com/PUBPRIV1212/#SelectedCategories=University+of+New+Mexico/unv58%7CUniversity+of+Florida/unv42%7CUniversity+of+Central+Florida/unv37%7CMississippi+State+University/unv10%7CUniversity+of+South+Florida/unv64&SugCategories=lUnv
Need vs. Merit: http://graphicsweb.wsj.com/documents/HOPE1212/
Administrative costs: http://graphicsweb.wsj.com/documents/NONCLASS1212/
Here are the PDFs for the reading assignments for next week. The reading questions will primarily be the responsibility of Group#2, but everyone is expected to come ready to discuss the readings. Submit any reading questions (for the responsible group or anyone else who has them) to me by email.
Topics for 3/20/13: University Governance, Administrators, boards and accreditors; Shared governance; the Faculty as professionals; tenure; academic freedom
1. Eckel, P.D. and Kezar, A. (2011) Presidents leading: The dynamics and complexities of campus leadership, ch. 11 in in P.G. Altbach, P.J. Gumport, and R.O. Berdahl, American Higher Education in the Twenty-First Century. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press. altbach ch 11
2. Harcleroad, F.F. and Eaton, J.S. (2011) The hidden hand: External constituencies and their impact. Ch. 8 in P.G. Altbach, P.J. Gumport, and R.O. Berdahl, American Higher Education in the Twenty-First Century. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press. altbach ch 8
3. Hendrickson, R. M., Lane, J.E., Harris, J.T., and Dorman, R. H. (2013). Principles of Academic Leadership, ch. 1 in Academic Leadership and Governance of Higher Education. Sterling, VA: Stylus. Hendrickson ch1
4. Hendrickson, R. M., Lane, J.E., Harris, J.T., and Dorman, R. H. (2013). The faculty, ch. 13 in Academic Leadership and Governance of Higher Education. Sterling, VA: Stylus.
Hendrickson ch. 13
5. Kaminer, A. (2013) NYU’s global leader is tested by faculty at home, New York Times, 3/10/13, url: http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/10/nyregion/john-sexton-is-tested-by-nyu-faculty.html?emc=eta1 and N.Y.U.’s Global Leader Is Tested by Faculty at Home – NYTimes
6. Schmidtlein, F.A. and Berdahl, R.O. (2011) Autonomy and accountability: Who controls academe?. Ch 3 in P.G. Altbach, P.J. Gumport, and R.O. Berdahl, American Higher Education in the Twenty-First Century. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press. altbach ch3
7. (optional but a good read and continues our theme of pilloring Harvard) Traub, J. (2003) Harvard Radical, The New York Times Magazine, Aug. 24. Harvard Radical – New York Times (same guy who wrote City on a Hill.
From Professor Hainline:
This editorial—The Trouble With Online College, NYT—stimulated the responses below:
- Secrets to Success in Online College Learning, NYT
- Thomas Edison State College Pioneers Alternative Paths, NYT: Pay particular attention to the quote (maybe out of context, you never know) by Clifford Adelman, a respected analyst for higher education, about his upset that these types of degrees means it’s not clear what institution gets to “own” the student as a graduate.
On popular view of HE in the US:
Americans Are Proud of U.S. Colleges but Not of Their Direction, The Chronicle
On the problems of HE and need for change:
From Dean Kirschner: Innovations in Higher Education? Hah!, The Chronicle
Responses to the Kirschner article on change in HE:
The Rut We’re In, The Chronicle
On the future of Higher Ed by a popular writer on HE:
Higher Education’s Future: Discuss!, NYT
On cheating scandal at Harvard:
Harvard Forced Dozens to Leave in Cheating Scandal, NYT
Who gets to go to college/diversity issues:
Poor Students Struggle as Class Plays a Greater Role in Success, NYT
Administration of HE:
- On administrative pay and political relationships: Lew, Treasury Nominee, Got Exit Bonus From N.Y.U., NYT
- On tuition pressures: Cooper Union’s Tradition of Free Tuition May Be Near End, NYT
- On California’s attempts to drag back the reputation of the CA colleges and universities, once regarded as the best public system going, but devastated by the CA budget situation: Brown Looks at Reshaping California’s Higher Education, NYT
- On accreditation and the Federal role in HE: Obama’s College Scorecard Needs Works, Experts Say, NYT
- On changes in law school education being discussed to reduce student debt and raise admissions: Law Schools’ Applications Fall as Costs Rise and Jobs Are Cut, NYT
On MOOCs and technology in HE:
- Measuring the Success of Online Education, NYT
- Five Online Courses Are Eligible for College Credit, NYT
- Universities Abroad Join MOOC Course Projects, NYT
- Revolution Hits the Universities, NYT
- Tomorrow’s Teaching and Learning, Tomorrow’s Professor
- From Dean Kirschner: A Pioneer in Online Education Tries a MOOC, The Chronicle
- How Will MOOCs Make Money?, Inside Higher Ed
- Employability, goals/purpose, economics of HE:
- On the purpose of higher ed: Higher Ed’s Biggest Problem: What’s It For?, The Chronicle
- Economic outcomes for students: College, Still Worth It, NYT
- On the reality or not of unemployed college grads: The College Grad/Employment Mismatch, Inside Higher Ed
- On the need for BAs for careers that didn’t require them before and what a college degree signifies to employers: Degree Inflation? Jobs That Newly Require B.A.’s, NYT
- Employability issues as a college outcome: Don’t Think College Is Worth It? Ask People Who Haven’t Gone, NYT
- Liberal arts angst: Making the Case, Inside Higher Ed
- On graduate rates/retention statistics: Helping Degree Seekers Finish What They Start, NYT
- On question of whether more money means better results: Not Getting What You Paid For, Inside Higher Ed
- On whether college is going to provide what it used to economically: Will You Be More Successful Than Your Parents?, NYT
- The idea of differential tuition: Florida May Reduce Tuition for Select Majors, NYT
From Professor Hainline:
I will eventually learn how to put these on the WordPress Blog, but much action in today’s Times and related posts on issues in higher education relevant to our discussions:
1. Article about the pro-Palestinian speakers on the BC campus: Q: why is academic freedom a value on college campuses? Whose is entitled to it? Faculty? Students? http://www.nytimes.com/2013/
2. Article about resignation of the President of Medgar Evers, embattled pretty much since he came to the school, and the role of the faculty in no-confidence votes (the President of NYU has just had one about various faculty matters, including the desire to build a huge building complex in Greenwich Village and his financial support of various International campuses of NYU – but no link for that today): http://www.nytimes.com/2013/
3. An article about declining values of university and college endowments (Harvard’s is $30 billion), which points to the relationship between the resources for higher education and the larger financial markets in which institutions of HE invest:http://www.nytimes.com/2013/
4. An op-ed piece about a person who got a college degree for less than $10K (question is why people seem to think an N of 1 is any sort of argument; maybe the 10K degree missed something, but this is actually pretty common as a reasoning tool in arguments): http://www.nytimes.com/2013/
5. Some eposts (not from today) on an article on need blind admissions and a letter form the President of Vassar about the impact of need blind admissions and the impacts of admissions policies on shifting financial aid from need to merit (which came up in our discussion of the other day): http://www.nytimes.com/2012/
6. A post (also not from today, but relevant to the question of mission differentiation at different institutions we will be covering soon) from a former librarian at Yale about how the need for faculty to do research and scholarship affects UG tuition:http://www.nytimes.com/2012/
Readings for 3/13, with links to PDF downloads
Note from Professor Hainline: Prof. Steven Brier will be visiting our class on March 13 to talk about the history of CUNY. The first reading he has suggested you do (chapters from Traub’s A City on the Hill. The others (Landa, Gunderson, Biondi) are my suggestions, but read the Traub first please. Everyone should develop questions for Dr. Brier, so there is no separate team assignment for next week. Email if you have questions.
- Traub, City on a Hill (pdf)
- Biondi, “Brooklyn College Belongs to Us” (pdf)
- Gunderson, “The Struggle for CUNY: A History of the CUNY Student Movement 1969-1999” (pdf)
- Landa, “The Birth of a Modern University” (pdf)
Readings for 3/6, with links to PDF downloads
- Lagemann, Chapter 1 (pdf)
- Marcus, Chapter 2 (pdf)
- Thelin, Intro, Chapter 8 (pdf)
- Christensen, Chapters 5, 7, 9, 11 (pdf)
Readings for 2/27, with links to PDF downloads
- Carnegie classification of institutions of higher education.
- Carnegie data (pdf)
- IHE Carnegie (pdf)
- Rethink Carnegie (pdf)
- College and university mission statements, with examples from Macaulay, BC and CUNY.
- Mission and Vision Statements (pdf)
- Mission Analysis (pdf)
- Macaulay Mission (pdf)
- Brooklyn College Strategic Plan (pdf)
- CUNY Master Plan (pdf)
Notes: These readings are to be completed before the first class session on Wed., 1/30. You need to be logged into The Chronicle through Brooklyn College (access the portal here) to access the third reading.
a. Committee for Economic Development (2005) Cracks in the Education Pipeline: A Business Leader’s Guide to Higher Education Reform, report by Committee on Higher Education Reform of the National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, downloaded 1/18/13 from http://www.highereducation.org/reports/ced/ced.pdf
b. Immerwahr, J. and Johnson, J. (2010) Squeeze Play 2010: Continued Public Anxiety on Cost, Harsher Judgments on How Colleges are Run, report prepared by Public Agenda for The National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, downloaded 1/18/13 from: http://www.highereducation.org/reports/squeeze_play_10/index.shtml
c. Levine, A. E. (2000) The future of colleges: 9 inevitable changes. The Chronicle of Higher Education, downloaded 9/7/2003 from: http://chronicle.com/article/The-Future-of-Colleges-9/10560/