Evolution of Haitian Immigrant Organizations & Community Development in New York City
Tatiana Wah and François Pierre-Louis
Journal of Haitian Studies
Vol. 10, No. 1, Bicentennial Issue
This essay ties together both the history and current condition of the Haitian population in New York. By gathering reviews and interviewing Haitian individuals, this journal, exposes the growth and the population and the factors that encourage or discourage that growth.
This essay explains patterns in the Haitian population and assumes it will change economically, by striving to move into more industrial / work based neighborhoods and move out of poverty. It also assumes that it will try to integrate socially into the accepted social norms around them. (This being an effect of external factors.)
Suffering, Surviving, Succeeding: Understanding and Working with Haitian Women
Walter J. Pierce and Erlange Elisme
Race, Gender & Class
Vol. 7, No. 4, Race, Gender & Class in Social Work and Practice (2000), pp. 60-76
This journal takes a journey through the lives of Haitian women. It focuses on the transgression of Haitian women from their original culture to both the hardships and opportunities they find as immigrants in America.
As gender, class, and ethnicity were big problems for the Haitian women were faced with discrimination that they learned to overcome and found opportunities through social working and government help. This can add to the information of out walking tour by stating that Haitian women are now well off; they own or help own bustling businesses and social hubs such as the hair salon on our tour, that is actually owned by a women!
Understanding the Sending Context of Haitian Immigrant Students
Journal of Haitian Studies
Vol. 13, No. 2 (Fall 2007), pp. 73-93
This journal acknowledges the mass number of immigrant students in highly populated cities in America (among them being New York). A vast majority of the public school system students happen to be immigrants and a large part of them are afro-Caribbean students. This journal explains how our systems sees Haitian immigrant student as anomalies or need extra attention because of the culture they came from. As it explains struggles such as language barriers and large percentages of physical violence in Haitian homes, it expands to our walking tour by giving insight on such sights like after school youth program and resource center.
“Haitian Family Resource Center Opens In Brooklyn | Www.canarsiecourier.com | Canarsie Courier | Www.canarsiecourier.com | Canarsie Courier.” Haitian Family Resource Center Opens In Brooklyn | Www.canarsiecourier.com | Canarsie Courier | Www.canarsiecourier.com | Canarsie Courier. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2014.
This article in the Canarsie courier gives information about the Haitian Family Resource Center that opened 2 years after the tragic hurricane, which destroyed Haiti. The center has many resources to aid Haitians living in Flatbush, Brooklyn, such as lawyers, social security assistance, medical assistance, etc. The article offers a lot of history of the center and background information for a very important and vital stop on our walking tour exploring the Haitian identity in Flatbush, Brooklyn.
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Scienc. 633-649. Vol. 487. Sage Publications Inc , 2011. Print.
This excerpt touches upon the social and economical status of Haitians residing in Brooklyn, while also giving statistical information about the demographics of the area. The author explains that Haitians faced a great language adjustment while assimilating to American culture hindering young Haitian’s educational ability, which would explain why 75 percent of Haitians failed exams in high school. The author also explains that the Church and their belief in Catholicism, which can help to explain the abundance of Catholic worship houses on Flatbush Avenue, tie the Haitian community together. This source is able to offer those on the walking tour, information as to why they see what they observe in Flatbush, Brooklyn, in terms of the many different schools, churches, etc.
Huelsebusch Buchanan, Susan . Language and Identity: Haitians in New York City. 13. The Center for Migration Studies of New York, Inc., Print. <http://www.jstor.org/stable/2545034 .>.
This excerpt explores the reasons behind Haitian Migration to New York City and the Haitian experience upon arrival. Buchanan explains that Haitian migration to the United States was a matter of “economic survival and political harassment.” Most of these Haitians arrived within the last decade, where they found that they were greeted by economic turmoil in the United States. Most Haitians worked menial jobs such as domestic service, while others owned small businesses. The Haitians living within this area are a mix of an upper and middle class citizen, while Brooklyn is home to the lower and working class majority of the Haitian population. This source gives some historical information about a group of people discussed in other sources, as well as the area discussed, in which this group resides.